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Cusco

destino turistico cusco

Location

Cusco is a city in the southeast of Peru located on the eastern slope of the Andes Mountain Range, in the basin of the Huatanay River, affluent of the Vilcanota. It is the capital of the Department of Cusco and additionally, it is declared in the Peruvian constitution as the country’s historical capital.

History

It was formerly the capital of the Inca Empire and one of the most important cities of the Viceroyalty of Peru. It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO, and due to its large number of monuments, it is often called the "Rome of America"; it is currently the greatest tourist destination in Peru, with an annual influx of approximately one million visitors in 2008. It has an estimated population of 358,052 according to the Peruvian census of 2007, which places it among the most populated cities of the country.

destinos turisticos cusco

Geography

Cuzco extends through the valley formed by the Huatanay River and by the surrounding hills. Its climate is generally dry and mild. It has two defined seasons: a dry season between April and October, with sunny days, cold nights with frost and average temperatures of 13 °C; and another rainy season, from November until March, with an average temperature of 12 °C. On sunny days the temperature reaches 20 °C, although the light wind from the mountain is usually cold.

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