Are items that, when transported by air, can put people´s health, safety or property at risk. They range from the obvious - such as explosives, radioactive items, and dangerous or volatile chemicals such petrol and strong acids - to seemingly innocuous everyday items that can cause problems if not handled correctly, such as aerosols and batteries. Safety is everyone´s responsibility and failing to declare DANGEROUS GOODS can result in hefty penalties.
Contact PERUVIAN AIR LINE or the Peruvian Government´s DGAC Air Authority site with your DANGEROUS GOODS queries. DANGEROUS GOODS are articles or substances which are capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety or to property when transported by air. A look in the garden shed or under the kitchen sink will reveal a wide array of items which are potentially DANGEROUS GOODS. A few examples of household objects include pesticides, acids, aerosols, perfumes, bleaches, matches, cigarette lighters, camping stoves with liquid fuel or compressed gas, anything that contains or has contained petrol, such as lawn mowers, chainsaws, brush cutters, model aircraft etc, batteries, fireworks, sparklers.
You are comfortable storing these items at home or carrying them in your car because you are aware of the risks associated with them and take appropriate precautions. However, move them into an unfamiliar environment such as an aircraft and the situation changes. Peru has adopted a system classification and labeling for DANGEROUS GOODS. This system helps people to quickly recognize dangerous goods, their properties and dangers.
Classes of DANGEROUS GOODS
The international community has created a classification system of nine primary classes of DANGEROUS GOODS. Some classes have been sub-divided in order to adequately describe the nature of the properties of the individual goods. There is a label for each class/division to convey the nature of the hazard. These labels must appear on the outside of the package when it is offered for transport and must remain on the package while it is in transit. They will also be found on most inner packages such as aerosol cans; bottles of bleach, containers of thinners, tins of paint etc. that you purchase in the supermarket.
Hazard labels for DANGEROUS GOODS
For ease of identification of DANGEROUS GOODS, the international community has created a classification system. All DANGEROUS GOODS are included in one of nine primary classes. In some cases it has also been necessary to sub-divide some of the classes into divisions in order to adequately provide for the dangers of the individual goods. There is a label for each class/division to categorize the nature of the hazard. These labels must be affixed to the outside of the package when it is offered for transport and must remain on the package while it is in transit. Some examples of these are illustrated below:
List of Hazard labels for DANGEROUS GOODS
Class 1 EXPLOSIVES Explosive Substances, Explosive Articles, Pyrotechnic Devices, Includes Ammunition, Fireworks, Detonators, Flares, etc.
- Incendiary Material
- Pyrothecnic devices
Class 2 GASES Transported as either compressed, liquefied, refrigerated liquefied or gas in solution. Includes aerosols. This class has three divisions:
- Division 2.1 - Flammable Gases i.e. Butane, Propane
- Division 2.2 - Non-Flammable, Non-Toxic Gases i.e. Oxygen, Liquid Nitrogen, Compressed Air
- Division 2.3 - Toxic gases i.e. Chlorine, Coal Gas.
- Liquid Nitrogen
- Compressed Gases
- Tear Gas
Class 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS Includes liquids with a boiling point of 35 C° or less or a flash point of 60 C° or less. Examples are Petrol, Alcohol, etc .
- Fuel Oils
Class 4 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS Substances Liable to Spontaneous Combustion and Substances which, in Contact with Water, Emit Flammable Gases.
Class 4 has 3 Divisions:
- Division 4.1 - Flammable Solids such as hexamine solid fuel tablets for camping stoves; matches, Self-Reactive Substances and Desensitized Explosives.
- Division 4.2 - Substances Liable to Spontaneous Combustion under normal conditions encountered in air transport - such as Phosphorus which burns by itself when exposed to air.
- Division 4.3 - Substances Which in Contact with Water Emit Flammable Gases. (Dangerous When Wet). Examples are sodium, zinc particles etc.
- Harina de pescado
- Bateria de litio
Class 5.1 OXIDISING SUBSTANCES Substances which in themselves are not necessarily combustible, but may generally cause or contribute to the combustion of other material by yielding oxygen. Example is Generators which produce oxygen by chemical reaction.
Class 5.2 ORGANIC PEROXIDES These are thermally unstable substance which may undergo heat generating, self accelerating decomposition - which may be explosive, burn rapidly, sensitive to impact or friction, react dangerously with other substances or cause damage to the eyes. Example is Hydrogen Peroxide
- Calcium Chloride(Desiccant)
- Ammonium-nitrate Fertilizers
- Natural Gas
Class 6.1 TOXIC SUBSTANCES Those substances which are liable to cause death or injury or harm human health if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Examples are pesticides and poisons
Class 6.2 INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES Those substance which are known or reasonably expected to contain pathogens-Micro-organism (Bacteria,Virus, etc) Sustancias capaces de causar la muerte o dañar la salud humana si se tragan, inhalan o entran en contacto con la piel. Sustancias que contengan gérmenes patógenos (microorganismos, incluyendo bacterias, virus, hongos, etc.)
- Venom, Poison
- Infectious Material
- Insecticides, Pesticides,Weed Killers
Class 7 RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS Material containing radionuclides, e.g. Instruments and medical or research materials containing radioactive sources that exceed certain values.
Class 8 CORROSIVES Substances which by chemical action, can cause severe damage when in contact with living tissue or, in the event of leakage will materially damage or even destroy, other goods, containers or the aircraft. E.g. Mercury, Battery acids, Alkalis, Wet-Cell Batteries, Caustic Soda, etc.
Fire Extinguisher Charges
- Caustic Soda
- Wet-Cell Batteries
Class 9 MISCELLANEOUS Includes Magnetic Articles, which can have an impact on the aircraft´s compass, Lithium Batteries, Internal combustion engines, dry ice (solid carbon dioxide), narcotic, noxious or irritating substances, etc. Articles liable to damage aircraft structures and articles possessing other inherent characteristics which make them unsuitable for air carriage unless properly packed.
- Lithium Batteries
- Magnetized Materials
- Polymerizable Materials
- Carbon Dioxide, Solid Dry Ice
- Noxious or Irritating Materials
- Machines Equipped with Fuel Tanks
Is your baggage cleared for take-off?
Except where indicated otherwise, DANGEROUS GOODS may only be transported after being packed, labelled and documented by qualified DANGEROUS GOODS acceptance personnel. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for further information.
There are four handling labels available for to use in conjunction with the appropriate labels. These are as follows:
Cryogenics - Used on Liquefied Gases
Cargo Aircraft Only - A Warning that the Package Must Not Be Carried On an Aircraft With Passengers
PROHIBITED ITEMS TO BE SHIPPED IN CABIN:
There are certain items that you are not allowed to take in your carry-on baggage because they present a security risk. Prohibited items include, but are not limited to: sporting goods, kitchen utensils, tools, and other things with sharp edges or points capable of injuring someone. Airlines may not allow other items through the security screening point in line with the airline Conditions of Carriage. If you are carrying any prohibited items you will be required to make other arrangements, such as leaving them with a friend or family member, or surrendering them at the security screening point. If you are not sure whether an item is prohibited; check with your airline, pack it in your checked baggage or leave it at home.
- Firearms (Must be properly declared at desk to security personnel)
- Sharps Goods as Ice pick, long razor blades, scissors, etc. (To be accepted as checked baggage).
- Gases and chemicals, spray, stun.
- Explosives and ammunitions.
- Tools (to be accepted as checked baggage).
- Balls (Deflated Only).
- Plants (to be accepted as checked baggage, properly packaged).
- Liquid oxygen systems are forbidden for transport.
- "Strike anywhere" matches, "Blue flame" or "Cigar" lighters are forbidden.
- Fish and seafood (Cargo Aircraft Only).
DANGEROUS GOODS ALLOWED FOR TRANSPORT
These articles and / or substances that although they are usually considered dangerous, is exempt from the provisions when it carries a passenger or crew member. These articles are approved in relation to Peruvian politics, which is true based on IATA regulations and airport authority. When a passenger makes the purchase of your ticket must inform the booking staff at any transportation or sale any of the items and / or substances which the company agrees, so this information is recorded in the reserve for staff passenger service aware.
A Guide to Dangerous Goods
What to Take out, What to Declare and What´s Okay
- Disabling devices such as mace, pepper spray, etc. containing an irritant or incapacitating substance are prohibited on the person, in checked and carry-on baggage.
- Electro shock weapons (e.g. Tasers) containing dangerous goods such as explosives, compressed gases, lithium batteries, etc. are forbidden in carry-on baggage or checked baggage or on the person.
- Security-type attached cases, cash boxes, cash bags, etc. incorporating dangerous goods, such as lithium batteries and/or pyrotechnic material, are totally forbidden.
- Ammunition (cartridges for weapons), securely packaged (in Div. 1.4S, UN 0012 or UN 0014 only), in quantities not exceeding 5 kg (11 lb) gross weight per person for that person´s own use, excluding ammunition with explosive or incendiary projectiles. Allowances for more than one passenger must not be combined into one or more packages.
- Battery-powered wheelchairs or other similar mobility devices with non-spillable batteries.
- Battery-powered wheelchairs or other mobility devices with spillable batteries or with lithium batteries.
- Battery-powered mobility aids with lithium ion batteries (collapsible). Lithium-ion battery must be removed and carried in the cabin.
- Camping stoves and fuel containers that have contained a flammable liquid fuel, with empty fuel tank and/or fuel container.
- Security-type equipment containing lithium batteries.
- Lithium ion battery powered equipment containing batteries over 100Wh but not exceeding 160Wh.
- Spare lithium ion batteries with a Watt-hour rating exceeding 100Wh but not exceeding 160Wh for consumer electronic devices. Maximum of two spare batteries may be carried in carry-on baggage only. These batteries must be individually protected to prevent short circuits.
- Mercury barometer or thermometer carried by a representative of a government weather bureau or similar official agency.
- Portable medical electronic devices (Automated External Defibrillators (AED), Nebulizer, Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), etc.) containing lithium metal or lithium ion cells or batteries may be carried.
- Avalanche rescue backpack one (1) per person, containing a cylinder of compressed gas in Division 2.2. May also be equipped with a pyrotechnic trigger mechanism containing less than 200mg net of Div 1.4S. The backpack must be packed in such a manner that it cannot be accidentally activated. The airbags within the backpacks must be fitted with pressure relief valves.
- Carbon dioxide, solid (dry ice), in quantities not exceeding 2.5 kg (5lb) per passenger when used to pack perishables not subject to these Regulations in checked or carry-on baggage, provided the baggage (package) permits the release of carbon dioxide gas. Each item of checked baggage must be marked "dry ice" or "carbon dioxide, solid" and with the net weight of dry ice or an indication that there is 2.5kg or less dry ice.
- Chemical Agent Monitoring Equipment when carried by staff members of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons on official travel.
- Heat producing articles such as underwater torches (diving lamps) and soldering irons.
- Oxygen or air gaseous cylinders required for medical use. The cylinder must not exceed 5 kg gross weight.
- Small non-flammable gas cylinders, containing carbon dioxide or other suitable gas in Division 2.2. Up to two (2) small cylinders fitted into a lifejacket, and up to two (2) spare cartridges per person, not more than four (4) cylinders up to 50ml water capacity for other devices.
- Alcoholic beverages, when in retail packagings, containing more than 24% but not more than 70% alcohol by volume, in receptacles not exceeding 5L, with a total net quantity per person of 5L.
- Aerosols in Division 2.2, with no subsidiary risk, for sporting or home use.
- Non-radioactive medicinal or toilet articles (including aerosols) such as hair sprays, perfumes, colognes and medicines containing alcohol. The total net quantity of all above mentioned articles must not exceed 2 kg or 2 L, and the net quantity of each single article must not exceed 0.5 kg or 0.5 L. Release valves on aerosols must be protected by a cap or other suitable means to prevent inadvertent release of the contents.
- Energy efficient light bulbs when in retail packaging intended for personal or home use.
- Fuel cells, and spare fuel cartridges powering portable electronic devices (eg. cameras, cellular phones, laptop computers, and camcorders).
- Hair curlers containing hydrocarbon gas, up to one (1) per passenger or crew-member, provided that the safety cover is securely fitted over the heating element. These hair curlers must not be used on board the aircraft at any time. Gas refills for such curlers are not permitted in checked or carry-on baggage.
- Insulated packagings containing refrigerated liquid nitrogen (dry shipper), containing only non-dangerous goods.
- Internal combustion or fuel cell engines.
- Medical or clinical thermometer, which contains mercury, one (1) per passenger for personal use, when in its protective case.
- Non-infectious specimens packed with small quantities of flammable liquid.
- Permeation devices
- Portable electronic devices (including medical devices) containing lithium metal or lithium ion cells or batteries, such as watches, calculating machines, cameras, cellular phones, laptop computers, camcorders, etc., when carried by passengers or crew for personal use.
- All spare batteries, including lithium metal or lithium ion cells or batteries, for such consumer electronic devices must be carried in carry-on baggage only. These batteries must be individually protected to prevent short circuits.
- Portable electronic devices containing non-spillable batteries. Batteries must be 12V or less and 100Wh or less. A maximum of 2 spare batteries may be carried.
- Radioisotopic cardiac pacemakers or other devices, including those powered by lithium batteries, implanted into a person, or radiopharmaceuticals contained within the body of a person as the result of medical treatment.
- Safety matches (one small packet) or a cigarette lighter that does not contain unabsorbed liquid fuel, other than liquefied gas, intended for use by an individual when carried on the person. Lighter fuel and lighter refills are not permitted on one´s person nor in checked or carry-on baggage.
Note: "Strike anywhere" matches, "Blue flame" or "Cigar" lighters are forbidden.
* For Operator Approval - contact your local Peruvian Air Line Office. SAFE SKIES FOR ALL Before You Pack Your Bags
Check What You are Planning to Carry.
In an aircraft, flying high above the earth, and subject to severe atmospheric pressure (Up to 75 kPa), extremes of temperature (minus 60°C to plus 55°C) and vibration (1G to 8G of acceleration), common substances found in homes can behave unpredictably, and dangerously. Ask yourself ´Do I really need to take it? Or, can I buy it when I get there instead ?´. If you are still not sure: